Stagnation Generation: Evaluating the Impact of Higher Education Expansion on Social Mobility from the Perspective of Taiwan

  • Yen-Ling Lin Tamkang University, Department of Economics, Taiwan

Abstract

Social class stagnation is a current topic of concern. The stagnation of generational mobility could result in society losing its ability to enhance individuals’ social status. This study explored higher education expansion as a possible cause of class stagnation by adopting the Human Development Index as a comprehensive indicator of individual social status, and determined dynamic mobility by observing the case of Taiwan, where higher education was expanded in 1994. Pseudo-panel data were obtained from the Family Income and Expenditure Survey. Our results indicate that rapid higher education expansion has a negative impact on social mobility for the generation who enters the labor market after the expansion starting point.

Key words: Social class, Education expansion, Pseudo-panel data.

JEL: J62, O15, I25


Generacija stagnacije: Procena uticaja proširenja visokog obrazovanja na socijalnu mobilnost iz perspektive Tajvana

Stagnacija socijalne klase je aktuelna tema. Stagnacija generacijske mobilnosti može rezultirati time da društvo izgubi sposobnost poboljšanja socijalnog statusa pojedinaca. Ova studija istraživala je širenje visokog obrazovanja kao mogućeg uzroka stagnacije klasa primenom indeksa razvoja čoveka kao sveobuhvatnog pokazatelja socijalnog statusa pojedinca, i utvrdila dinamičku mobilnost posmatrajući slučaj Tajvana, gde je visoko obrazovanje prošireno 1994. godine. Pseudo-panel podaci su dobijeni iz Ankete porodičnih prihoda i rashoda. Naši rezultati pokazuju da brza ekspanzija visokog obrazovanja negativno utiče na socijalnu mobilnost generacije koja ulazi na tržište rada nakon početne tačke širenja. 

Ključne reči: socijalna klasa, proširenje obrazovanja, podaci pseudo-panela, razlika u razlici.

How to Cite
Lin Y. (2018). Stagnation Generation: Evaluating the Impact of Higher Education Expansion on Social Mobility from the Perspective of Taiwan. Panoeconomicus, 67(2), 167-185. doi:10.2298/PAN170306025L
Section
Original scientific paper