Why the Increase in the Retirement Age Will Lead to More Inequality and Poverty? An Ignored Fairness Problem

  • Peter J. Stauvermann Changwon National University, Deptment of Business & Economics, Changwon, Republic of Korea
  • Ronald R. Kumar The University of the South Pacific, School of Accounting and Finance, Suva, Fiji
  • Arvind Patel The University of the South Pacific, Faculty of Business and Economics, Suva, Fiji

Abstract

In this study, we show with the help of a simple model that an increase of the retirement age has a negative impact on the distribution of pension benefits in the Bismarckian as well in the Beveridgean pension system. In both systems, the distribution of pension benefits will change in favour of high-income earners. Additionally, we show that the increasing gap in the life expectancies of low and high-income earners will increase inequality. Both results are a consequence of the positive relationship between the socio-economic status and life expectancy of a person. These important insights are often ignored by the promoters of pension reforms.

Keywords: Bismarckian pensions, Beveridgean pensions, Life span, Retirement age.

JEL: H55, D31.


 

How to Cite
Stauvermann P.J., Kumar R.R., & Patel A. (2022). Why the Increase in the Retirement Age Will Lead to More Inequality and Poverty? An Ignored Fairness Problem. Panoeconomicus, Advance online publication, 1-21. doi:10.2298/PAN190531004S
Section
Original scientific paper